The KWHL Chart


A KWHL can be used to track students learning of a particular topic or concept over time; The K stands for ‘What I already know’ (used to gain prior knowledge) The W stands for ‘What I want to learn’ The H stands for ‘How I will find this information’ and; The L stands for ‘What I have learnt’. This is a particularly effective tool to use during an Integrated Topic. It can also be a great portfolio piece to demonstrate the learning process of the student.

Download the KWHL Chart Here

The 5 Whys Thinking Tool


The 5 Why’s procedure can be used for any activity when you want tease out different reasons for completing a task or why something did/did not happen?

It allows students to be able to form a series of answers for a certain activity and demonstrates several different points of view.

Download the 5 Whys thinking Tool Here

The Brainstorm thinking tool


A brainstorm is great tool to use to allow students to draw or write down their thinking about a topic. You need to write down the topic in the middle of the page. They then draw lines coming out of the middle. Connecting each line is key words about the topic. You can then have more branches coming off from these ideas. A tool for planning writing, reflecting on an excursion, or use sharing knowledge about a mathematical concept.  You can draw and write your ideas.

Download the Tool Here

The Before, Now and After Thinking Tool

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A Before, Now and After procedure can be used as a sequencing tool. Students need to think of events that came before and after a particular time. This is a great tool to use as a response to a text and is easily adapted for extension.

Download the Before, Now and After Tool Here

The BAR thinking Tool


The Bigger, Add and Replace table can be used to develop students thinking about a topic. You can use it around your Integrated Topic, a debate or an issue you maybe discussing. The idea is to think of a topic or obeject and see how you can make it bigger, what you can add and the how you can replace something. You could do it on a piece of technology, an object or an animal you are researching.

321 Reflection Thinking Tool


This procedure is used to reflect deeply on an activity/ idea. The students can write 3 things you have learnt, 2 insights you have had and 1 question you still have. Or you can change the 3, 2 and 1 to suit your needs and push students to think deeply about their reflections.

Download the 321 Reflection Tool Here