A Y Chart is a procedure that is used to brainstorm ideas on what you know about a topic by writing or drawing about what the topic looks like, sounds like and feels like. It links into our feelings and challenges students to think outside the square. It is a great tool for planning writing as it allows students to think about the characters deeply.
A T-Chart is a type of procedure in which information about a topic is placed into two separate columns. The two columns allow you to compare ideas. For example the advantages and disadvantages of a topic, Weekend Writing Planning or a Task. Click here to Download the T Chart
Purpose: A fish bone is separated by a horizontal line, where you can have positive and negative arguments on each side of the horizontal line. You can then create sub heading for each argument where they list more facts based on this topic. You can also use it in a simpler way to list words about a topic too.
for/against arguments for a debate or persuasive writing positive/ negative statements for reflections planning for weekend writing – Saturday / Sunday planning ideas for a writing piece.
Purpose: A flow chart can be used to sequentially order ideas or events. It is easily adaptable to extend student learning and can be used in many different learning areas. This is a popular tool to use when planning a recount reflection for writing or when exploring the life cycle of animals etc.
A KWHL can be used to track students learning of a particular topic or concept over time; The K stands for ‘What I already know’ (used to gain prior knowledge) The W stands for ‘What I want to learn’ The H stands for ‘How I will find this information’ and; The L stands for ‘What I have learnt’. This is a particularly effective tool to use during an Integrated Topic. It can also be a great portfolio piece to demonstrate the learning process of the student.
A Before, Now and After procedure can be used as a sequencing tool. Students need to think of events that came before and after a particular time. This is a great tool to use as a response to a text and is easily adapted for extension.
The Bigger, Add and Replace table can be used to develop students thinking about a topic. You can use it around your Integrated Topic, a debate or an issue you maybe discussing. The idea is to think of a topic or obeject and see how you can make it bigger, what you can add and the how you can replace something. You could do it on a piece of technology, an object or an animal you are researching.