Inference Vs. Evidence Reading Group Activity

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Help your students better understand how to infer what is happening within a text by using this Inferring Vs. Evidence T - Chart.  It is a great idea for reading group Activities.

Use this tool with a text of your choice to find inferences.   Then provide evidence to support it.  This will reinforce student confidence in drawing conclusions about things they read.

This and many other thinking tools can be found here.

Download the inference vs Evidence T Chart here.

Use this U-Plan template to write great stories

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Planning a narrative can be a difficult task for younger and inexperienced writers.  Narratives allow so much freedom and versatility over other text types that they can become a mess of well meaning ideas if a poorly planned.

This planning tool allows students to work through 8 simple stages to plan a well constructed  narrative including the editing phase. 

It is best suited to elementary / primary students or older writers who have difficulty organising ideas.  Enjoy!

Download the U-planner Here.

Helping students to understand the main idea.


I have put together a useful planning tool that will help your students develop a better understanding of identifying the main idea from a piece of text.

This can be found in graphic organisers and thinking tools section and it works particularly well with newspaper articles and research based texts.

Students read through a piece of text and then identify the who? what? when? where?  How? And why?

The section at the bottom of the sheet has 25 spaces for students to summarise the text in their own words.

This tool can be used both high-school and elementary students and will greatly assist them in improving their research and fact finding skills.

Dowload the Understanding the main idea tool here.

Book Report Templates for Elementary Students


Book reports are a great incentive to get students to read a great tool and think and analytically respond to the authors purpose and message.

These book report templates aimed at both junior and middle elementary students give them a great opportunity to express their thoughts on a book using simple terms and concepts they can understand.

Below is a breakdown of what makes a good book report and I would encourage teachers and students to read this before starting.

Then download either the Junior Book Report Planner or the Elementary Planner and enjoy.

What Should be Included in a Book Report?

Book report content will vary according to grade level. Middle grade-level book reports will provide the basic details about a book, a summary of the plot, and some comments regarding the student's opinions and impressions.

As students mature and advance, the book reports should include a little more.

As students enter high school and higher grades, they will start to explain and explore the messages that are contained in books--messages about life and its important experiences. Students will begin to share their own opinions about these messages (themes) contained in books.

Your Book Report Introduction

The introduction segment of your book report provides an opportunity to make a good first impression!

You should try to write a strong introductory sentence that grabs your reader's attention. Somewhere in your first paragraph, you should also state the book's title (italicized), the topic, and the author's name.

High school-level papers should include publication information as well as brief statements about the book's angle, the genre, the theme, and a hint about the writer's feelings in the introduction.

First Paragraph Example: Middle School Level:

The Red Badge of Courage, by Stephen Crane, is a book about a young man growing up during the Civil War. Henry Fleming is the main character of the book. As Henry watches and experiences the tragic events of the war, he grows up and changes his attitudes about life.

First Paragraph Example: High School Level:

Can you identify one experience that changed your entire view of the world around you? Henry Fleming, the main character in The Red Badge of Courage, begins his life-changing adventure as a naive young man, eager to experience the glory of war. He soon faces the truth about life, war, and his own self-identity on the battlefield, however. The Red Badge of Courage, by Stephen Crane, is a coming of age novel, published by D. Appleton and Company in 1895, about thirty years after the Civil War ended. In this book, the author reveals the ugliness of war, and examines its relationship to the pain of growing up.


Before you get started on the body of the report, take a few minutes to jot down some helpful information by considering the following points.

  • Did you enjoy the book?
  • Was it well written?
  • What was the genre?
  • (fiction) Which characters play important roles that relate to the overall theme?
  • Did you notice reoccurring symbols?
  • Is this book a part of a series?
  • (nonfiction) Can you identify the writer's thesis?
  • What is the writing style?
  • Did you notice a tone?
  • Was there an obvious slant or bias?

In the body of your book report, you will use your notes to guide you through an extended summary of the book. You will weave your own thoughts and impressions into the plot summary.


As you lead to your final paragraph, consider some additional impressions and opinions:

  • Was the ending satisfactory (for fiction)?
  • Was the thesis supported by strong evidence (for non-ficton)?
  • What interesting or notable facts do you know about the author?
  • Would you recommend this book?

Conclude your report with a paragraph or two that covers these additional points. Some teachers prefer that you re-state the name and author of the book in the concluding paragraph. As always, consult your specific assignment guide.

Flow Chart

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Purpose: A flow chart can be used to sequentially order ideas or events. It is easily adaptable to extend student learning and can be used in many different learning areas. This is a popular tool to use when planning a recount reflection for writing or when exploring the life cycle of animals etc.

Download the Flow Chart Here